High blood pressure normal ranges- Hypertension, is growing problem in today’s society. Many of us or our family members and friends, are suffering from hypertension. In 21st century fast Lifestyle, change the eating habits, and fast junk foods, are causing rise in hypertensive patients.
So you should all know everything about hypertension. what is called as high BP? what is its normal ranges? Which blood pressure is normal? High blood pressure normal ranges. What are the hypertension causes? . Hypertension side effects and primarily high BP symptoms. So you can diagnose high BP early and minimise its side effects.
What is blood pressure?
BP- BP means blood pressure, BP is a pressure exerted on the walls of the artery by running blood.
Normal ranges of blood pressure
BP have its two readings first upper BP, and second lower BP. Upper is called as systolic bp and lower is called as diastolic BP. Blood pressure is measured against per mm of HG, that is mercury. Normal range of BP is 120/ 80 mmhg. But by person to person this range may vary.
Normal upper BP range ranges from 100 to 140 mmhg and lower BP ranges from 70 to 85 mmhg. Above 140-180 mmhg upper and above 85-110 mmhg lower, this BP is called as hi BP. This patient should be monitored carefully. Above 180/ 110 mmhg is called as very high BP. This patient may need hospitalisation.
Causes of high BP
High salted diet is the main cause of high BP. We Indians use unnecessary salt in our food. Over eating of meat and chicken non-veg are other important causes .
Obesity, alcohol consumption, smoking, old age, stress and family history that means genetic appearance are the other causes of BP. Some people suffering from other conditions lead to increase in bp. these are kidney failure , other kidney diseases and hyperthyroidism.
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Side effects of hypertension
1. Brain stroke- hemiparesis, high BP causes extensive pressure in the brain arteries. It causes intracranial bleeding because busting of brain arteries. That leads to over pressurize the brain tissues and causes permanent death of brain tissues and Nerve cells. Brain tissue damage causes paralysis.
2. High BP leads to over pumping of blood, that increases load on the heart. When pressure on the heart increases beyond specific limit then heart stops working that leads to heart failure and heart attack.
3. Increased blood pressure causes damage to the Kidneys and Eyes. It leads to kidney failure, other kidney diseases and diminished division.
High BP symptoms
Headache is the main symptom of hypertension. Severe and recurrent headache must be investigated. For high BP profuse sweating is also an important sign. Patient may feel Breathless after small exertion.
Feeling of restless ness and palpitation. palpitation means the portion of upper abdomen gets vibrated due to over vibration of heart. This produce restlessness and palpitation. giddiness is also another major symptom. Chest pain and back pain with or without sweating can also be found in many cases.
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